Welcome to our guide on the S1257L tax code, a crucial aspect of income tax in Scotland. In this article, we will explore the meaning and implications of the S1257L tax code, providing you with the essential information you need to understand how it affects your tax obligations in Scotland.

If you live and work in Scotland, the S1257L tax code signifies that you are subject to Scottish Income Tax. It indicates that you are entitled to the standard Personal Allowance of £12,570. This tax code is applicable to both employed individuals and pensioners, allowing them to benefit from the tax-free threshold set by the Personal Allowance.

The S1257L tax code is significant for those who fill out an online Self Assessment tax return, as it helps clarify that they pay Scottish Income Tax. Knowing your tax code is essential for accurate tax filing and ensuring that you comply with Scottish tax regulations. Understanding this tax code is particularly crucial for individuals looking to calculate their income tax liability effectively.

In the upcoming sections of this article, we will delve deeper into who pays Scottish Income Tax, how the Personal Allowance works, income tax rates in Scotland, how tax codes are calculated, and more. Stay with us as we unravel the complexities of the S1257L tax code and provide you with valuable insights into income tax in Scotland.

Who Pays Scottish Income Tax?

Scottish Income Tax is applicable to various individuals, not just residents of Scotland. If you live in Scotland, you are required to pay Scottish Income Tax. However, there are other circumstances that also make individuals subject to this tax:

  1. Move to or from Scotland: If you move to or from Scotland during the tax year, you may be liable to pay Scottish Income Tax for the period you were a resident in Scotland.
  2. Live in multiple homes in the UK: If you have a home in Scotland and another elsewhere in the UK, you will be subject to Scottish Income Tax.
  3. Do not have a home but frequently stay in Scotland: If you do not have a permanent residence but frequently stay in Scotland, you are still required to pay Scottish Income Tax.

It’s important to note that income tax rates may differ between Scotland and other parts of the UK, so it’s crucial to understand your tax obligations based on your specific circumstances.

move to or from Scotland

Comparison of Income Tax Rates in Scotland and UK

Here’s a comparison of the income tax rates in Scotland and the rest of the UK for the tax year 2023/2024:

Income Bracket Scotland Rest of UK
Up to £14,667 19% 20%
£14,668 – £25,296 20% 20%
£25,297 – £43,662 21% 20%
Above £43,662 41% 40%

Understanding the Personal Allowance

The S1257L tax code signifies that the individual is entitled to a tax-free Personal Allowance of £12,570. This means that a certain amount of their earnings each year is paid to them without being taxed. The Personal Allowance is divided into equal portions throughout the year, ensuring that the individual receives their full allowance by the end of the tax year.

For individuals with a Personal Allowance of £12,570, they can enjoy tax-free earnings up to this amount. This not only reduces their tax liability but also provides them with financial flexibility.

By dividing the Personal Allowance into equal portions throughout the year, individuals can benefit from the tax-free earnings regularly, rather than receiving it all at once. This ensures a consistent flow of tax benefits and greater financial stability.

To help you understand the breakdown of the Personal Allowance, here is the weekly and monthly equivalent:

Equivalent Amount
Weekly £242
Monthly £1,048

As you can see from the table, the weekly equivalent of the Personal Allowance is £242, providing individuals with a steady tax-free income throughout the year. On a monthly basis, the Personal Allowance amounts to £1,048, further enabling individuals to benefit from tax-free earnings.

Understanding the Personal Allowance is important as it allows individuals to maximize their tax benefits and optimize their financial planning.

Personal Allowance image

Income Tax Rates in Scotland

In Scotland, income tax is levied on a progressive scale. For the 2023/2024 tax year, the following rates apply:

Earnings Brackets Income Tax Rate
Up to £12,570 0%
£12,571 to £14,667 19%
£14,668 to £25,296 20%
£25,297 to £43,662 21%
£43,663 and above 41%

These income tax rates apply to individuals residing in Scotland and are subject to change. It is important to consider these rates when calculating your income tax liability and planning your finances accordingly.

income tax rates in Scotland

How Tax Codes Are Calculated?

When it comes to calculating tax codes, understanding the difference between cumulative and non-cumulative tax codes is crucial. In the case of the S1257L tax code, it is a cumulative tax code. What does this mean exactly? Well, if an individual starts working part-way through the tax year or returns to work after a break, their tax-free Personal Allowance will have been building up. This can result in paying less tax for a certain period.

However, tax codes can also have modifiers such as W1 or M1, which signify a non-cumulative tax code. For example, if the tax code reads S1257L-W1 or S1257L-M1, it means that the tax due on each payment is determined without taking into account any tax already paid during the year or the utilization of the tax-free Personal Allowance. This may potentially lead to overpayment of tax.

To better understand the impact of cumulative and non-cumulative tax codes, let’s take a look at an example:

Tax Code Meaning Calculation Example
S1257L Cumulative Tax Code If an individual has a tax-free Personal Allowance of £12,570 and their income is £20,000, they would only pay tax on the remaining £7,430 (£20,000 – £12,570). However, if they received their income over multiple months, the unused portion of the Personal Allowance would carry forward, reducing the amount of tax payable in each month.
S1257L-W1 Non-Cumulative Tax Code (Weekly Basis) If the same individual with a tax-free Personal Allowance of £12,570 earned £20,000 within a week, they would be taxed on the full amount of £20,000 for that week. The unused portion of the Personal Allowance from previous weeks would not be carried forward to offset the tax due.
S1257L-M1 Non-Cumulative Tax Code (Monthly Basis) Similarly, if the individual earned £20,000 within a month, they would be taxed on the full amount of £20,000 for that month. The cumulative benefits of the tax-free Personal Allowance from previous months would not be applied to reduce the tax liability.

It’s important for individuals to be aware of the implications of their tax code and whether it is cumulative or non-cumulative. This understanding can help them plan their finances better and avoid any potential overpayment of tax.

cumulative and non-cumulative tax code


The S1257L tax code plays a vital role in determining the income tax liability for individuals in Scotland. This specific tax code signifies that the individual is subject to Scottish Income Tax and is entitled to the standard Personal Allowance of £12,570. Understanding the intricacies of this tax code, along with the progressive income tax rates in Scotland, is essential for accurately calculating and managing income tax payments.

By comprehending the S1257L tax code and its implications, individuals can ensure they are paying the correct amount of income tax and avoid any potential penalties. It is crucial to stay informed about changes in tax regulations and consult qualified professionals if needed to ensure compliance with the tax code in Scotland.

To accurately calculate income tax, individuals should consider their total earnings, applicable income tax brackets, and any deductions or allowances they may be eligible for. By staying up to date with the tax code in Scotland and employing reliable income tax calculation methods, individuals can effectively manage their financial obligations and make informed decisions regarding their personal finances.

Comments to: S1257L Tax Code – What Does It Mean?

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *